Speech pathology is an area of medical practice focused on diagnosing and treating speech and language disorders in humans. The focus of speech pathology is identifying and evaluating speech pathology for both professional and lay audiences. Therefore, it is also referred to as speech pathology.

There are three areas of specialisation within speech pathology. Speech-language pathology (SLP) is a specialised area of medicine that deals with diagnosing and treating speech and language disorders. SLP may include speech pathologist, audiologist, and speech-language pathologist, and an audiologist is usually associated with SLP. In speech pathology, speech-language pathology refers to a clinical speciality that may incorporate audiology, languages, and communication disorders.

Within SLP, pathology is divided into two essential subspecialties. First, clinical pathology deals with diagnosing and treating speech disorders that do not involve neurological disorders and are thus solely mental illnesses. These may include schizophrenia, dementia, alcohol abuse, developmental disabilities, etc. The second subspecialty of speech pathology deals with neurological communication disorders but are caused by some other source.

One branch of SASHC Speech pathology Adelaide that is related to the communication sciences is audiology. Audiologists diagnose and treat hearing disorders, focusing primarily on the underlying pathology of the auditory system. Other SLP branches that deal with the communication sciences are audiologist neurophysiologists, audiologist otolaryngologists, and speech pathologists. These professionals can diagnose and treat speech disorders, including stuttering, fluency, reading comprehension, speech folds, tone, vocal fold anatomy, voice disorder physiology, and speech pathology.

Speech pathology professionals also include medical speech-language Pathologists. They are medical professionals who specialise in diagnosing and treating medical conditions that are speech-related. Among their specialties are pediatric speech pathologists who help children with language delays or language pathologic conditions. They may work in speech-language pathologists’ offices or be employed by other medical specialists. Speech pathology graduates may also go on to become physicians, psychiatrists, nurses, or dental hygienists.

A speech-language pathologist specialising in pediatrics deals with speech and hearing health conditions in young children. They may work in a pediatric hospital or as an outpatient. An example of a pediatric speech-language pathologist would be assigned to treat babies with congenital hearing and speaking disorders. On the other hand, an otolaryngologist is a speech-language pathologist who specialises in health conditions that affect the voice range. Some otolaryngologists work directly for hospitals or private clinics, while smaller clinics and offices employ others.

Audiology colleges offer a wide variety of programs leading to a doctorate in speech pathology or audiology. Depending on the academic accreditation of the institution, these programs prepare students for different careers after graduation. A PhD in Communication Studies can be obtained for those interested in pursuing advanced degrees in communication sciences.